Public Speaking – How to Prepare an Outline

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Once you have chosen the best way to organize your speech and material into headings and subheadings (Common ways of organizing are chronological, cause and effect, problem solution). The next step is to prepare a speech outline.
There are 2 outlines that are useful in speaking:-
1 Working outline
2 Speaking outline
The structure of both outlines is similar, however the purpose of each is different and therefore they are different in detail.
The Working Outline
This is used to plan and develop the message and information contained in the speech. It is like the blueprint of a house. It is a brief schedule of ideas and information to be contained in the speech. An outline will normally improve the quality of the speech given.
It helps to ensure;
(a) A unified speech
It enables the speaker to see if;
(i) The topic is related to the speech purpose in an understandable way
(ii) Each part of the speech supports the topic
(iii) The divisions and subdivisions overlap at all
(b) A logical running order
The brief written form of the working outline makes it easier to see the order and re-arrange it for the most effective order. The speaker is not distracted by the details such as wording and transitions.
(c) It is complete
By seeing the speech in outline the speaker is able to see if there are any gaps in the supporting information.
A working outline makes planning the speech easier by getting an overview of your speech by ensuring your information is complete, adequately supports the topic and purpose, and is properly ordered.
The speaking outline will be discussed in my next posting.

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