Public Speaking – Organizing Your Speech

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The primary goals of organizing a speech are to assist in making the speaker’s message clear to audience and to strengthen it.
A speech is normally organized into 3 parts introduction, main body and conclusion. See previous posts to discuss the organisation of the introduction and conclusion.
The main body is where the ideas and message of the speech are discussed and developed. To be effective the main body of the speech is arranged into headings that reflect a pattern of thought that people will normally think about the topic. Common ways to organize a main body are;-
(1) Chronological – this is a logical progression through time. For example if the objective of the speech is to convince the audience to take their polio shot. The speaker may talk about the crippling effect of polio in the past, then the isolation of cause, followed by the development of a vaccine and finish by the decrease in the occurrence since the development.
(2) Problem and solution – this is a common pattern especially in sales presentations. The problem is presented first. The audience must first be made aware of the serious nature of the issues before it is interested in the solution.
(3) Cause and effect – The speech has two main points which can e used in reverse order, e.g.
The effect – Political unrest in Africa. The cause could be – the desire for independence
The cause – Political unrest in Africa. The effect could be – speculation on the future because of the unrest.
The important point in organizing the main body of the speech is that it should support the topic and purpose of the speech

One Response to “Public Speaking – Organizing Your Speech”

  1. JamesD says:

    Thanks for the useful info. It’s so interesting

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